By specifying the pertinent CSS in a separate.css file, this separation can make content more accessible, give a specification of presentation characteristics more flexibility and control, allow multiple web pages to share formatting, and reduce complexity and repetition in the structural content. (Source: Wikipedia)
If you’re unfamiliar with HTML and HTML5, I recommend reading the blog Day 1-8 of the Basic HTML and HTML5 Front-end Developer Roadmap (2023 Edition) for good beginners.
Now, let’s dive into the CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) part of the roadmap. CSS is a crucial component of front-end development as it allows you to control the layout and appearance of web pages.
The following tasks will help you build a strong understanding of CSS.
Learn the basic CSS
Check the following resources to learn and develop your skills:
W3Schools - Learn CSS
W3Schools is a popular online learning platform that provides comprehensive tutorials on various web technologies, including CSS.
For example, their CSS tutorial covers everything from the basics to advanced concepts and provides interactive examples to practice your skills.
Resources to learn with W3Schools: W3Schools — Learn CSS
Web.dev - Learn CSS
web.dev is an official resource by Google that offers guidance on web development best practices. Their CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) learning section provides detailed articles, guides, and interactive examples to help you understand CSS concepts effectively.
Resources to learn CSS: web.dev — Learn CSS
FreeCodeCamp - Responsive Web Design
FreeCodeCamp is a nonprofit organization offering an extensive web development curriculum.
For example, their course covers HTML and CSS, building responsive and mobile-friendly websites. In addition, the course includes hands-on projects to apply your knowledge.
Resources to learn more with FreeCodeCamp: freeCodeCamp — Responsive Web Design
Learn to Code HTML & CSS
“Learn to Code HTML & CSS” is a beginner-friendly book by Shay Howe that provides a solid foundation in HTML and CSS. It covers the basics of both languages and progressively introduces more advanced topics.
In addition, the book includes exercises and examples to reinforce your learning.
Resources to learn Code HTML & CSS: Learn to Code HTML & CSS
CSS Crash Course For Absolute Beginners
Traversy Media, a popular YouTube channel for web development tutorials, has a CSS Crash Course specifically designed for absolute beginners. The video tutorial covers the fundamentals of CSS, selectors, box models, positioning, and more.
Resources to learn more with this video:
HTML and CSS Tutorial
The HTML and CSS Tutorial by The Net Ninja is a comprehensive video series that covers HTML and CSS from scratch. The tutorial explains various CSS concepts, including selectors, layout, responsive design, and transitions.
Follow the tutorial on YouTube:
CSS Masterclass - Tutorial & Course for Beginners:
Jonas Schmedtmann’s CSS Masterclass is an in-depth course available on Udemy. It covers CSS concepts, modern layout techniques, CSS animations, and building responsive websites. The course includes hands-on exercises and real-world projects to enhance your CSS skills.
Here the CSS Masterclass Course for Beginners:
Making layouts with CSS
The most important topics for making layouts are float, grid, Flexbox, placement, display, and box model. Use the topic below to find out more about the following:
- Learn and Practice Flexbox
- Game for learning CSS Grid
- All about Floats
- Positioning Types: How Do They Differ?
- The Box Model
- The CSS Display Property
- A Complete Guide to Flexbox
- A Complete Guide to Grid
- Learn CSS Grid – Course
- Learn CSS Grid for free
Learn and Practice Flexbox with FLEXBOX FROGGY
Flexbox, or CSS Flexible Box Layout, is a key tool for responsive web design. It helps arrange elements smoothly in a container, easily adapting to different screen sizes. It’s an essential skill for web developers, simplifying the process of aligning and distributing space among items in dynamic or unknown sizes.
Flexbox Froggy is an ingenious way to learn Flexbox. It’s an interactive web game where you write Flexbox code to help a frog reach a lily pad. The game advances gradually, covering different aspects of Flexbox with increasing complexity.
It provides a hands-on, engaging approach to learning commands such as flex-direction, justify-content, and align-items. Flexbox Froggy turns a seemingly complex topic into a fun, educational game. By playing, you’ll quickly get a grip on Flexbox, boosting your web development skills. So give it a try and help Froggy with your newfound Flexbox knowledge!
Learning CSS Grid with CSS Grid Garden
CSS Grid is a 2-dimensional layout system for web design, offering a flexible and robust approach to creating complex layouts. It enables developers to position items in rows and columns, making it indispensable for modern web design.
To master CSS Grid, CSS Grid Garden is an excellent resource. It’s an interactive game that teaches you how to use CSS Grid in a fun and engaging way. The goal is to water your garden by writing lines of code.
The game starts easy and gets progressively more challenging, covering all aspects of CSS Grid. So, embark on a learning journey with CSS Grid Garden and enhance your web design capabilities!
Resource: Learn Grid with CSSgridgarden
All About Floats learning with CSS-tricks
“Floats” are fundamental elements of CSS layouts. They allow elements to wrap alongside or around each other, typically for aligning images and text. CSS-Tricks is an excellent resource for learning about floats, providing clear explanations, diagrams, and practical examples.
You’ll understand the floats’ power, quirks, and workarounds by exploring this site.
From the clear ‘clearfix’ technique to the intricacies of layout flow, CSS-Tricks makes mastering floats manageable and enlightening. So begin your journey into CSS floats today, and unlock a new level of web design proficiency.
Resource: All about Floats
Absolute, Relative, Fixed Positioning: How Do They Differ?
Absolute, Relative, and Fixed are CSS positioning schemes defining an element’s placement on a webpage. Relative positioning moves an element from its normal flow, retaining space.
Absolute positioning, on the other hand, removes an element from the flow, positioned relative to its nearest positioned ancestor.
Fixed positioning is absolute but relative to the browser window, remaining in place during scrolling. CSS-Tricks is a premier platform for mastering these concepts, offering extensive guides and interactive examples for hands-on learning.
Dive into the website to understand the practical differences between these CSS positioning methods.
The Box Model
The Box Model is a fundamental concept in CSS, encapsulating an element’s padding, border, and margin. Therefore, understanding how it affects layout is essential, especially when designing responsive web pages.
The Mozilla Developer Network (MDN) offers comprehensive resources to learn about the Box Model.
Their interactive tutorials and documentation provide step-by-step guidance, while visual aids help to illustrate complex topics.
You can also use their examples for practice and check your understanding with their quizzes. Learning from MDN allows for mastering the Box Model in an engaging, effective manner.
Resourse : Learn The Box Model
The CSS Display Property
The CSS display property controls the layout of HTML elements. It’s adaptable, offering settings like display: none, block, inline-block, and table, each providing different visual behaviors. Display: none removes an element from the view, whereas display: table mimics table-like characteristics.
Inline-block facilitates horizontal element alignment. To master these concepts, Free Code Camp offers comprehensive interactive lessons. It’s a free online learning platform that takes you through practical CSS exercises, helping you grasp the complexities of the display property.
It’s a fantastic resource for both beginners and experienced coders.
A Complete Guide to Flexbox by Chris Coyier
This comprehensive guide describes anything about flexbox, focusing on all the different features of the parent element (the flex container) and the child elements (the flex items). It also has a timeline, demos, themes, and a chart that shows which browsers support what.
A Complete Guide to CSS Grid by Chris House
Learn CSS Grid - Course with WES BOS
Learn CSS Grid course with zero dollars (0$). It’s totally free for beginners to learn CSS GRID WITH WES BOS. You have instant access to all 4 Hours and 25 PRETTY GOOD VIDEOS, all starter files, and completed HTML, CSS, and JS solutions for each exercise. It’s a really good CSS Grid education.
How is this Free!? What’s the catch?
It’s no catch! 0$ free. A huge thanks to Mozilla Firefox, who has sponsored to create this course and offer it free for everyone.
Learn CSS Grid with Per Harald Borgen
This course teaches you CSS Grid through 14 videos. You’ll learn all the key concepts while creating three awesome layouts: a website, an image grid, and an article. Plus, you’ll learn how to combine CSS Grid with Flexbox with Per Harald Borgen.
Feel free to reach out to the instructor Per Harald Borgen on Twitter if you have feedback or questions.
In Scrimba, you’ll learn
You have access
- Access to all our free courses
- interactive, hands-on content
- 100s of code challenges
- join a friendly community
Before learning this course, you should have a basic understanding of HTML & HTML5. Here’s our suggested blog to get you up to speed.
Responsive Design and Media Queries
Responsive web design is a way to make sure that your website looks good on all kinds of screens. You can use CSS media queries, percentage sizes, minimum or maximum widths, heights, etc.
What is Responsive Web Design?
Responsive Web Design (RWD) is an approach to web design aimed at making websites render well on a variety of devices and windows or screen sizes. It involves designing and developing a website so that the layout, images, and other elements adjust automatically to fit the screen on which the site is viewed.
This is important because users nowadays access websites through various devices, such as desktop computers, tablets, and smartphones, each with different screen sizes and resolutions.
Learn Responsive Design with web.dev
Learning responsive design is crucial in today’s web development environment, as it ensures that websites and applications adapt to different screen sizes and devices. The Web.dev platform is an excellent resource provided by Google, which offers guides and tutorials for modern web development, including responsive design.
Here’s a guide on how to learn responsive design with Web.dev.
Here's what you'll learn:
Beginner’s Guide to Responsive Web Design
Learn KINSTA blog The Beginner’s Guide to Responsive Web Design (Code Samples & Layout Examples)
Guide to responsive web design (RWD) in 2023
Learn the guide to responsive web design in 2023—your go-to resource for understanding responsive web design and how to do it well.
Five amazing tips for making responsive layouts the easy way
In this video, you learn to
- Introduction of responsive layouts
- The right mindset
- start with the global styling
- Avoid fixed sizes
- Use media queries to add complexity
- Take advantage of modern CSS
Brief Introduction To Responsive Web Design - HTML & CSS Tutorial
Here is the Brief Introduction To Responsive Web Design – HTML & CSS Tutorial.
You can learn and create a responsive website design from scratch in this video.
The teacher is the brilliant Kevin Powell, who’s well-known for his videos on HTML and CSS here on YouTube. You can check out his channel here: